Events and festivals Flores Island are done based on the following periods.
- December – February: Reba Ceremony, Bena NTT New Year’s Party
- April: Semana Santa Larantuka Ceremony melted the rites of religion and customs
- June-July: Etu or Sagi – Traditional Boxing
- August: Kelimutu Lake Festival, Interpreting Pati Ka Du’a Bapu Ata Mata Ritual
- November – Penti Ceremony at Wae Rebo
Months of the year Events and festivals
December – February: Reba Ceremony, Bena NTT New Year’s Party
Reba ceremony is a festival held by Bena Tribe, East Nusa Tenggara to celebrate the new year. Reba ceremony held in Kampung Bena, Ngada Regency is a series of events that begin in December every year with the peak of the event in January and closed in February. Reba Ngada Traditional Ceremony begins with a yam ceremony accompanied by traditional Besa Uwi dances. This event is always accompanied by the song O Uwi as a form of appreciation for yams as a source of life for the Ngada people.
April: Semana Santa Larantuka Ceremony melted the rites of religion and customs
This tradition of Portuguese heritage that lasted 500 years ago melted the rites of religion and customs. Semana Santa began when Mr. Ma’s statue was found by a young man on Larantuka Beach. Semana Santa is a traditional ceremony to celebrate Easter Holy Week. This celebration places Jesus and our Lady in mourning witnessing her son’s suffering before and while being crucified as the center of the ritual.
Semana Santa ceremony begins on Trewa Wednesday or Shackled Wednesday. On that day the people of Larantuka city were like mourning. However, at night it sounds all sorts of sounds. The city will then return to silence the next day. On White Thursday, people do the tradition of planting candles (Tikam Turo) as a guide to the procession of statues of Our Lady.
It was at this time that the statue of Mr. Ma or our Lady was removed, bathed, and worn in mourning clothing in the form of a piece of black, purple, or blue velvet coat. Only on Good Friday, the statue of Our Lady was paraded from Mr. Ma’s chapel to Mr. Ana’s chapel to pick up the statue of Jesus according to the route of Tikam Turo. The two statues were then paraded to Renha Rosari Larantuka Cathedral Church.
After that, the two statues were transported and paraded by motorboat to Kapela Pohon Sirih in Pante Kuce, Larantuka King’s Palace area. This procession usually involves a procession of boats as well as tens or even hundreds of motorboats.
June-July: Etu or Sagi – Traditional Boxing
The So’a people call traditional boxing Sagi. The Boawae community called it by the name of Etu while the people of the Goleta Subdistrict named it Sudu. Sagi is one form of community gratitude in the village for the crops that are spelled out in the form of customary rituals in the So’a subdistrict, Ngada Regency, NTT Province.
Like the fight that was fought in Las Vegas, the event was also a fierce run between two young couples who chose and sometimes got battered and alone. Participants of this traditional city (Sagi) consist of two camps that are front. Players from both sides have good youths in general from the audience who perform traditional era performances.
The cast is chosen by the Mosa (organizer) of the event. The equipment of the city of law where the fabric is still very traditional, buffalo horns coated with Ijuk (Tai kolo or Woe). While which clothes were on at that time Lesu (headband), shawl (to cover the chest), and Yeast (woven cloth meaning lower body). But fighting this is not a gift but just an annual ceremonial blessing from the ancestors for a year.
Etu or Sagi is a traditional opponent of Ngada that is common in summer, between May and August of the year. Etu culture is usually subdued by the community in Soa Subdistrict and also in Golewa Subdistrict, namely in Ngorabolo village, Takatunga village.
The night before this traditional hajj activity was staged, the ceremony of welcoming guests and other rituals for the necklace of protection and ancestral support so that Etu activities are held both well and safe from things that do not have serious injuries or deaths.
August: Kelimutu Lake Festival, Interpreting Pati Ka Du’a Bapu Ata Mata Ritual
Pati Ka Du’a Bapu Ata Mata ritual is a ritual or ceremony to feed the spirits of the ancestors at the top of Lake Kelimutu Ende Regency East Nusa Tenggara Province. Kelimutu Lake located at the top of Mount Kelimutu is a top tourist destination. Kelimutu Lake is located in Pemo Village, Kelimutu District, Ende Regency, East Nusa Tenggara Province.
The distance from Ende capital of Ende Regency is 67 Km which can be reached within 1 hour 30 minutes by land transportation. The Lio people who inhabited the surrounding Kelimutu mountain believed that the spirits of those who died would fly to the crater of Lake Kelimutu.
The first crater, Tiwu Ata Bupu for the spirits of parents who during his life did well. The second crater, Tiwu Ko,o Fai Nua muri for the spirits of young people while the third crater, Tiwu Ata polo is a gathering place for the spirits of people who during their lives are pursuing evil and sin.
The surrounding community believes that the ancestral spirit that meditates in the crater of Lake Kelimutu is the estuary of every situation that befalls the Lio tribe.
Pati ka du, a Bapu Ata Mata ritual is usually held on August 14 as the culmination of the Week of Kelimutu Lake Festival activities initiated by the Ende Regency Government. In addition to attended by tourists and other important guests, the event was attended by Mosalaki from 20 traditional alliances of Kelimutu buffer villages, namely Koanara, Woloara, Pemo, Nuamuri, Mbuja, Tenda, Wiwipemo, Wologai, Saga, Puutuga, Sokoria, Roga, Ndito, Detusoko, Wolofeo, and Kelikiku.
To start this customary tradition, the first indigenous stakeholders ask permission from the ancestors with the aim of requesting smoothness and safety during the customary procession. In this traditional procession, the men wear Lio traditional clothes, namely, sarongs called Yeast and batik tops. While the women wear traditional clothes called Lawo and top brackets called Lambu.
The center of the traditional ritual is performed in Pere Konde which is a monument of the stake such as Misbah where offerings and offerings are placed. The ritual was led by a Mosalaki. After the offerings are placed, the stakeholders begin the traditional procession by dancing around the prepared offerings which in the local language is called Gawi. The contents of offerings in the form of brown rice, pork, tobacco, betel nut, and moke.
November – Penti Ceremony at Wae Rebo
Penti is a traditional ceremony to express the gratitude of the residents of Wae Rebo in Flores. This traditional ceremony is also a tourist attraction to come to Wae Rebo. November is a great time to visit Wae Rebo, a traditional village in Manggarai, Flores Island, East Nusa Tenggara. In that month, the Wae Rebo people will celebrate Penti which is a traditional ceremony for generations. Wae Rebo’s location is at an altitude of 1,200 meters above sea level. Make it called a village above the clouds.
When we come to this village we will be welcomed by the cool air and beautiful scenery. The distance I traveled to get to Wae Rebo was about 4 hours on foot from the last village before Wae Rebo. Upon arrival in this village, we will be greeted with a stunning view and cool air. The shape of the house here is not like in the countryside in general. Wae Rebo village has only 7 houses with cone-shaped roofs.
Mbaru Niang is a term for waerebo traditional house. These seven houses are located close together and form almost a semicircle in the village yard. Penti is one of the attractions for travelers to visit Wae Rebo.
Penti ceremony is usually held in mid-November, as the first month of farming and the new year. Manggarai people from other villages will also come to attend the ceremony. Besides me, many other travelers who are mostly foreign tourists also witnessed the ceremony. Not only that, but some media also attended and covered this customary event.
Penti rituals are performed every year. This ceremony was held as a form of gratitude of the people of Manggarai, especially the residents of Wae Rebo for life for one year and for the success of crop harvest. In the morning the villagers will be busy preparing for this event.
Guests who come to watch the Penti ceremony will gather in front of Rumah Gendang, their main house. Sacred drums begin to beat. The distinctive traditional music and cultural chants signify this traditional ceremony began to be held. The music is intended to invite the spirits of the ancestors of the gatekeepers.
Starting with the blessing of the spring, the safety of the village, and evil spirits. In this Penti traditional ceremony, the community also gave offerings to the ancestors by sacrificing animals. In general, the animals that become offerings are cows, chickens, and pigs depending on the needs and funds raised for the traditional ceremony.
Offerings are performed at three points of the location and begin with cutting the rooster. The blood of the cut chickens was dripping on the stones arranged as a sign of demand to the ancestors so that the springs were kept and asked for blessings for their crops.
If the contents of the chicken are cut nicely (good internal organs such as liver), then their offerings are accepted by the ancestors and the harvest is also good in the future. This traditional ceremony continued with the Caci dance performance, which is a war dance of the Manggarai people. The interesting thing about this dance is that the people who participated will wear clothes and special attributes typical of Manggarai.
The Caci dancers also carry whips and shields. Every now and then I cringe at the sight of Caci dancers whipping each other. At the same time amazed to see the players who look cheerful and still dance to the music, even though their bodies are bleeding. This Caci dance itself has meaning, wherein in the face of life problems we should not hold grudges and anger even if it has been hurt.
This Penti takes place at night. The people of Wae Rebo will gather at the main house of Niang to do Tudak Penti, where they slaughter male and female pigs. Penti Traditional Ceremony ends with Sanda, a non-stop song that is not accompanied by music. Penti ritual and Caci dance add to the variety of Indonesian culture. It becomes a magnet for travelers. The people of Wae Rebo are also very friendly to welcome the migrants and provide a place.
When we first come to this village, we will be accepted traditionally in the Main house. Staying and witnessing Penti traditional rituals was an amazing experience for me and my colleagues. We were able to enjoy the beautiful scenery and culture of the ancestors’ heritage.