About Flores Island Indonesia

Flores Island Indonesia – Flores, from Portuguese which means “flower” is in the province of East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. Flores is included in the Lesser Sunda Islands group with Bali and NTB, with an area of about 14,300 km². The population in Flores, in 2007, reached 1.6 million people. The highest peak is Mount Rankah (2350m) which is the second highest mountain in East Nusa Tenggara, after Mount Mutis, 2427m in West Timor.

Flores Island Indonesia along with Timor Island, Sumba Island and Alor Islands are the four major islands in NTT Province which is one of the archipelagic provinces in Indonesia with 566 islands. Flores, with its size, population and adequate natural and human resources, is currently preparing itself to become a new province in NTT. At the western and eastern ends of the island of Flores, there are several clusters of small islands.

In the east there are clusters of Lembata, Adonara and Solor islands, while in the west there are clusters of Komodo and Rinca islands. To the west of the island of Flores, after the cluster of small islands, is the island of Sumbawa (NTB), while to the east after the cluster of small islands is the Alor archipelago. To the southeast is the island of Timor. To the southwest is the island of Sumba, to the south is the Savu Sea, to the north, across the Flores Sea is Sulawesi.

The Flores ethnicity is an ethnic mix between Malay, Melanesian, and Portuguese. Due to being a Portuguese Colony, the interaction with Portuguese culture is very much felt in the Flores culture, both through genetics, religion, and culture.


Flores Island Indonesia is part of the province of East Nusa Tenggara. The island is divided into eight districts; from west to east as follows: West Manggarai with the capital of Labuan Bajo, Manggarai with the capital of Ruteng, East Manggarai with the capital of Borong, Ngada with the capital of Bajawa, Nagekeo with the capital of Mbay, Ende with the capital of Ende, Sikka with the capital of Maumere, East Flores with the capital of Larantuka . and district ((lembata)) with the capital city Lewoleba.


Flores has several active and dormant volcanoes, including Egon, Ilimuda, Lereboleng, Lewotobi, and ile Ape (lembata).

Flora and fauna

Flores has one of the rare and protected animals in the world, namely Varanus komodoensis or better known as the giant monitor lizard. This raptile lives on Komodo Island and Rinca Island, both of which are located in West Manggarai Regency, West Flores. In addition to Komodo Island and Rinca Island which are included in the Komodo National Park area, Flores also has one more National Park located in Ende Regency, namely Kelimutu National Park.

The main attraction of Kelimutu National Park is its Tiga Warna Lake which is always changing the color of the lake water. However, in the Kelimutu National Park area, naturally various types of plant and moss species grow and develop. Therefore, in early 2007, the management of Kelimutu National Park began to identify the biological wealth of Kelimutu National Park to be later developed into the Kelimutu Botanical Gardens.

So, later the tourists who come to the Kelimutu Nature Tourism Area, besides being able to enjoy the magic of the Three Colors Lake, can also observe the biodiversity in the Kelimutu Botanical Gardens.
In Mataloko, Ngada Regency, there is a geothermal source which is currently being developed into a power source. In Soa, east of Bajawa city, the capital of Ngada district, there is a natural hot spring bath.

Many foreign tourists who come there.
In Riung, north of Ngada district, there is a 17 Island marine park that is as beautiful as the Bunaken marine park in Manado. What is unique about this marine park is that there is an island called Bat Island which is home to thousands of bats.

Archaeological site

In September 2003, in the Liang Bua cave in western Flores, paleoanthropologists discovered the skull of a previously unknown hominid species. This find is called “Flores man” (Homo floresiensis, nicknamed the hobbit). This discovery was published in the October 28, 2004 issue of Nature magazine. The status of this finding is still being debated, whether it includes Homo erectus or Homo sapiens.

Places to Visit in Flores Island Indonesia

Labuan Bajo
Goa Rangko/Rangko Cave
Batu Cermin
Melo Village
Cunca Wulang
Wide Rice Field Lembor Village
Lingko Cara Spider Web Rice Field
Ruteng Town
Liang Bua Cave
Ranamese Lake
Borong Village
Aimere Village
Moni Village
Kelimutu Lake

Flores Island Indonesia – East Nusa Tenggara.

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