Komodo Island Indonesia is one of the 7 Wonders of the World (2011 voting results). Komodo National Park consists of 3 large islands, Komodo Island, Rinca Island, and Padar Island, as well as other small islands. The overall area of this national park is 1,817 Km2.
Komodo Island is located at the westernmost tip of East Nusa Tenggara Province. On Komodo Island, dragons live and breed well, according to the data, until mid-2009, the island is inhabited by about 1300 komodo dragons (+/- 2500 heads on all islands in TM. Komodo). The dragons are the largest lizard species in the world, with an average length of 2-3 meters, and a bodyweight of at least 90Kg. Komodo National Park consisting of islands is certainly separated by the sea. The underwater life here is no less beautiful. You can find 385 species of beautiful corals, 70 types of corals, 10 types of dolphins, 6 kinds of whales, green turtles, various types of sharks, and stingrays.
When you’re here, there’s a lot to do. Therefore make sure that your feet are fit and strong enough to get around the island. Within this island, you are invited to trekking following a path that has been designed and safe. In Komodo Island, you have to climb Mount Ara as high as 538 m above sea level for 3 or 4 hours. Rinca Island, you have to trek for 1.5 hours. If you’re lucky, you can see komodo dragons attacking their prey, fighting, or walking slowly along the way. So curious about this island? Here are the facts that must be known before visiting Komodo Island.
The fact of Komodo Dragon – Komodo island Indonesia
Komodo National Park was declared a World Heritage Site and Man and Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in 1986. The longest Komodo dragon ever recorded was 3.13m with a weight of 166Kg. It has 60 sharply serrated teeth about 2.5 cm long. Komodo dragon saliva is often mixed with a little blood because its teeth are almost entirely coated with gingival tissue and this tissue is torn during meals. These conditions create an ideal growth environment for the deadly bacteria that live in their mouths.
Male Komodo dragons are larger than female Komodo dragons, with skin tones from dark gray to brick red, while female Komodo dragons are more olive green, and have small pieces of yellow on their throats. Young Komodo dragons are more colorful, with yellow, green, and white colors on a black background. The deadliest bacteria in the saliva of Komodo dragons are presumably Pasteurella multocida bacteria. The mating season occurs in May and August. Contains eggs for a month, and the eggs will hatch within 7-8 months. A female Komodo dragon can lay up to 13 eggs.
How to Reach Komodo Island
If you are from Jakarta, you must transit to Bali first. From Bali, the journey continues to Labuan Bajo, a small town northwest of Flores which is the gateway to Komodo Island. There are several airlines that serve the Denpasar-Labuan Bajo route, with a travel time of about half an hour.
Do & ts
- When talking about the weather, the temperature in this place is very hot and humid, therefore make sure you, the travelers, bring a few bottles of drinking water so as not to dehydrate aka thirst.
- Don’t go alone. It is better to go with a tour guide or park officer.
- Do not disturb or feed komodo dragons. Although the movement is slow and lazy, the animal can suddenly become aggressive and move quickly.
- When trekking, bring a two-pronged stick. Komodo dragons are usually afraid of being bullied with sticks.
- Put your shoes on. Komodo, Rinca, and Pidar islands have 12 species of snakes and 3 of them are poisonous, for example, green snakes that live in trees, Cobras, and Russel’s Vipers that live in savanna pasture pits.
- Women who are menstruating should report to the guide or island officer for more attention. Komodo dragons have a keen sense of smell and can become aggressive if they smell blood.
- Bring mosquito repellent or use mosquito repellent lotion.
- Most places on Komodo and Rinca Islands are savanna grasslands that are flammable during the dry season, so smoking and lighting fires are prohibited.
Komodo Island Indonesia.
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